Saturday, 31 October 2015

The Ugly Duckling

The Ugly Duckling remains one of my favourite restaurants in Corralejo. Reservations are essential because of its diminutive size.

It has, I think, seven tables inside; and the kitchen is very small, too; so small, indeed, that Henrik has to turn away many who haven't booked in advance.

I've written often about this special little establishment before.

Henrik, the proprietor, is Danish, and one of the most courteous hosts you are ever likely to meet.

I invariably email Henrik a few weeks before I visit, and last night was no exception; in fact I reserved for three dates.

Incidentally, they are relocating soon to a new and improved location at Calle El Pulpo, near the Dunas Club apartments and the harbour.

I opted for the signature Green Salad as a starter; followed by the salmon, with bearnaise butter, mashed potatoes, and spinach.

Henrik poured me a flute of well chilled cava.

His parents were seated at the table beside me. Henrik introduced me to them, a delightful couple.

The bill was about €25.

Thursday, 29 October 2015

Strong Alioli

I'm spending some time in Fuerteventura, Canary Islands, specifically the resort of Corralejo, which I know well.

Yesterday I acclimatised myself in the old town and revisited many familiar haunts.

The town's infrastructure is still being improved: a number of key streets have been pedestrianised to a high standard.

After lunch I had a refresher at Soul Bar-Café in Music Square, which has about one hundred varieties of gin.

Alas, our Shortcross gin does not, as yet, feature on the list; though I commended it to them.

I enjoyed a very simple dinner of chicken escalope with a few chips and salad at Avenida restaurant.

I'm convinced that they have possibly the best alioli in the town: it's strength does it credit; not for the faint-hearted!

At the conclusion of my evening I sat at the bijou Bar Bouganville, where I sipped a White Russian cocktail.

Tuesday, 27 October 2015

Robert Quigg VC

The possibility is being examined of having a dedicated memorial or sculpture in the admirable little  village of Bushmills, County Antrim, to honour Sergeant Robert Quigg VC, who was awarded the Victoria Cross for his valour at the Battle of the Somme.

Discussions have taken place at Moyle Council in Ballycastle and it was agreed to write to the Royal British Legion in Bushmills and the Macnaghten family, of Dundarave, to get their views.

Many, including self, would like to see a memorial in place in Bushmills ahead of 2016 which will be the centenary of Quigg's heroics in World War One.

A local historian, Robert Thompson, said:
"In July of 1916 Robert Quigg risked his life to rescue wounded soldiers at the Somme and was awarded the Victoria Cross for his efforts.
"He is the only Victoria Cross winner north of Belfast, yet he is ignored by his home town of Bushmills. If this was anywhere else in the world he would be feted and honoured forever."

North Antrim Assemblyman Robin Swann is also pushing for a memorial. He said:
"While Robert is acknowledged by the presence of a plaque at the War Memorial, the community have suggested that a more fitting tribute or a statue or sculpture could be provided in time for the centenary of his actions.
"I am sure the community will play a full part in planning such a tribute but clearly leadership from the Council in delivering such a memorial will be very important."

Robert Quigg, from the village, enlisted in the 12th Battalion, Royal Irish Rifles (Mid-Antrim Volunteers) during World War One.

His platoon commander was Lieutenant Harry Macnaghten (Sir Edward Harry Macnaghten, 6th Baronet, 1896–1916).

On 1 July Robert's platoon advanced three times only to be beaten back by the Germans. Many hundreds of the 12th Battalion were either killed or wounded.

In the confusion of battle it became known that Lieutenant Macnaghten was missing. Robert Quigg immediately volunteered to go out into no-man's land and search for his commander.

His actions during that fruitless search led him to receive the Victoria Cross.

His citation reads as follows:
Hearing a rumour that his platoon officer was lying wounded, he went out seven times to look for him, under heavy shell and machine-gun fire, each time bringing back a wounded man.

The last man he dragged on a waterproof sheet from within yards of the enemy's wire. He was seven hours engaged in this most gallant work, and was finally so exhausted that he had to give it up.
The body of Sir (Edward) Harry Macnaghten, 6th Baronet, was never found.
Most tragically for Edith, Lady Macnaghten, her two sons, the 6th and 7th Baronets, were both killed in action.

Robert Quigg returned to Bushmills to a hero's welcome. He died in 1955 and was buried with full military honours at Billy Church.

Councillor Joan Baird described Quigg as "a very famous hero of our area".

First published in August,  2011.

Monday, 26 October 2015

William John English VC

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL WILLIAM JOHN ENGLISH VC, born on 6 October 1882 in Cork, was the son of Major William English OBE; educated at Harvey Grammar School in Folkstone, Kent from 1894-98; and Campbell College, Belfast from 1898-99.

After a short spell in the Merchant Navy, he left it in South Africa and in November 1900 joined the the Scottish Horse.

In March, 1901, he received his commission as Lieutenant in the 2nd Scottish Horse.

The citation of his VICTORIA CROSS reads as follows:
This officer, with five men, was holding the position at Vlakfontein on 3 July 1901 during an attack by the Boers. Two of his men were killed and two wounded, but the position was still held, largely owing to the lieutenant's personal pluck. When the ammunition ran short, he went over to the next party and obtained more; to do so he had to cross some 15 yards of open ground, under a heavy fire at a range of from 20 to 30 yards.
After his retirement in 1930 he lived at Kings Road, Knock, in Belfast where he was the Northern Ireland organiser for the National Association for Employment of Regular Soldiers, Sailors and Airmen.

In August, 1939, he formed in Northern Ireland a Group of the National Defence Corps which in November of that year, became the 6th Battalion, The Royal Ulster Rifles.

In April, 1941, he left to take up an unknown appointment in the Middle East but died at sea on the 4th July. He is buried in Maala Cemetery in Aden. 

A researcher from the Imperial War Museum recently advised that the English VC medal group is leaving Campbell College, Belfast, and heading to the Lord Ashcroft VC & GC Gallery in the Imperial War Museum, London, on a ten year loan.

Gavin has sent the researcher over some photos from his English VC research.

An interesting video is here:

First published in November, 2010.

Friday, 23 October 2015

Castle Saunderson


ALEXANDER SANDERSON, of Scotland, was made a Denizen of Ireland, 1613, and was appointed High Sheriff of County Tyrone in 1622, and twice subsequently.

He was granted Tullylagan, County Tyrone, and other lands to the extent of 1,000 acres, the whole being erected into the manor of Sanderson in 1630.

Mr Sanderson died in 1633, leaving three sons,
Archibald, of Tullylagan;
ROBERT, of whom we treat;
George, dsp.
The second son,

ROBERT SANDERSON, settled at Portagh, and there built Castle Saunderson, County Cavan.

He was Colonel in the army of Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, and was High Sheriff of County Cavan, 1657.

Colonel Sanderson married Katherine, eldest daughter of John Cunningham, both of Ballyachen, County Donegal; and died in 1675, leaving issue,
ROBERT, his heir;
Alexander, father of ALEXANDER;
William, of Moycashel.
The eldest son,

ROBERT SANDERSON, of Castle Saunderson, MP and Colonel of a regiment in WILLIAM III's army, married Jane, daughter of the Right Rev John Leslie, Lord Bishop of Clogher.

He dsp 1723, and was succeeded by his nephew,

ALEXANDER SANDERSON, of Castle Saunderson, High Sheriff of County Cavan, 1714, who wedded Mabella, daughter of William Saunderson, of Moycashel, County Westmeath, and was buried at St Mary's, Dublin, in 1726.

His son,

FRANCIS SANDERSON, of Castle Saunderson, High Sheriff of County Cavan, 1740, espoused Anne, eldest daughter of Anthony Atkinson, of Cangort, King's County, and died in 1746, leaving two sons and two daughters.

His son and heir,

ALEXANDER SAUNDERSON, of Castle Saunderson, High Sheriff of County Cavan, 1758, changed the spelling of his name.

He married Rose, daughter of Trevor Lloyd, of Gloster, King's County, and died at Cork, 1768, and was buried at Shinrone, King's County.

He left, with other issue,
FRANCIS, his heir;
Robert, in holy orders;
The eldest son,

FRANCIS SAUNDERSON (1754-1827), of Castle Saunderson, MP for County Cavan, married, in 1779, Anne Bassett, daughter of Stephen White, of Miskin, Glamorgan, and heir of the Bassett estates in that county, and by her (who died 1845) had issue,

ALEXANDER, his successor;
Francis, in holy orders;
Hardress Robert;
James, Lieutenant RN;
William Bassett;
Lydia Waller; Cecilia.
Mr Saunderson's eldest son,

ALEXANDER SAUNDERSON JP DL (1783-1857), of Castle Saunderson, Colonel of the Militia, High Sheriff, 1818, and MP for County Cavan, wedded, in 1828, the Hon Sarah Juliana Maxwell, eldest daughter of Henry, 6th Lord Farnham, and by her (who died 1870) had issue,
Alexander de Bedick (1832-60);
Somerset Bassett (1834-92);
EDWARD JAMES, of whom we treat;
Llewellyn Traherne;
Juliana Harriet; Rose Ann.
Colonel Saunderson was succeeded by his third son, 

LIEUTENANT-COLONEL THE RT HON EDWARD JAMES SAUNDERSON JP DL (1837-1906), of Castle Saunderson, who married, in 1865, the Hon Helena Emily de Moleyns, youngest daughter of Thomas, 3rd Lord Ventry, and had issue,
SOMERSET FRANCIS, his successor;
John Vernon;
Colonel Saunderson was succeeded by his eldest son,

CAPTAIN SOMERSET FRANCIS SAUNDERSON JP DL (1867-1927), of Castle Saunderson, High Sheriff of County Cavan, 1907, who married, in 1914, Mary Satterfield, former wife of Count Larisch von Moennich.

CASTLE SAUNDERSON, near Belturbet, County Cavan, is a large castellated mansion combining both baronial and Tudor-Revival elements. It was built ca 1840.

The mansion bears remarkable similarities to Crom Castle in County Fermanagh, a mere five miles away.

The entrance front is symmetrical, with a battlemented parapet, square and turrets. There is a tall central gatehouse tower with its entrance door to the side, which is unusual.

The adjoining garden front is more irregular. The house boasts several Gothic features, including the conservatory. 

The original Castle was built in 1573.

The Saunderson family were seated here until 1977, when it was sold to a London-based businessman.

The Castle was in a state of disrepair and plans to have it completely renovated as a private dwelling at this time never materialized.

The estate was sold again in 1990 to be developed as a hotel.

These plans were also abandoned after a fire gutted and destroyed most of the Castle interior.

This was the third fire to take place in the history of the castle.

In 1997, the castle and estate were offered to Scouting Ireland for €420,000 (estimated to be half its market value at that time).

Now consisting of 103 acres, Castle Saunderson has once again the potential to be restored to its former glory, and to be put to new use as a scout and youth training canter.

Of the 103 acres on the estate, some 70 acres are grass, 25 acres are wooded and the 8 remaining acres are lake and waterway.

Captain Alexander Saunderson, the last remaining member of the Saunderson family to have lived in the Castle, now resides in Santa Barbara, California, USA.

From the outset, Captain Saunderson has wholly endorsed the plans by Scouting Ireland to restore the Castle, family church and grounds to its former glory.

The development plans for the Castle and Church include a cultural and heritage canter highlighting the history of the Saunderson Family, together with local history to include the plantation of Ulster (1603) and other notable historic events.

It is intended to restore the church as a multi-denominational church.

The graveyard around the church and the crypt beneath the church building contains the remains of the Saunderson family, and it is planned to maintain the church and graveyard as part of the cultural and heritage aspect of the overall project.

First published in November, 2011.

Thursday, 22 October 2015

Requisite Bung

There were ten of us on Island Taggart yesterday.

For those of you who might not have been following the narrative, Island Taggart belongs to the National Trust.

It lies on Strangford Lough, County Down, near Killyleagh.

At the moment we're using a dinghy to get to the island from an old quay on the mainland.

This dinghy has a four horse-power outboard motor; though we are apprised that the NT is giving us a new boat next year.

We presently have to use a cork bung to keep it afloat; modern technology is marvellous!

The island is merely five minutes' away from the mainland at any rate.

Today, as usual, we cut and burned gorse.

The hedgerows on Taggart are rich with blackthorn, hawthorn, rose-hips, blackberries and many other plants so essential to birds at this time of year.

Tomasz managed to pick some rose-hips at lunchtime.

Thursday, 15 October 2015

Summer House

I'm absolutely delighted that the adorable little summer-house or gazebo at Florence Court, County Fermanagh, has been rebuilt to its original specifications.

The first one was maliciously burnt just over a year ago.

I'd only wish to extend my compliments and cordial congratulations to all involved in this splendid and admirable feat; especially those in County Fermanagh and the Impartial Reporter newspaper.

Taggart Revisited

East Down Yacht Club from the island

I spent a terrific day on Island Taggart yesterday with about a dozen other National Trust volunteers.

This was my first visit since September, 2013.

The island has a considerable amount of gorse in places, so we were cutting and burning it.

The field we concentrated on was on the western side of the island, directly opposite East Down Yacht Club.

In fact we landed on the shore here; indeed it's a pity we can't use the yacht club as a base to get over to Taggart.

The field in question is below the old farmstead at the top of the island, which was last inhabited in 1967.

At lunchtime Hugh and Maureen arrived in Cuan Brig, the National Trust barge, in order to deliver parts of a cattle pen.

There are believed to be 28 cattle on the island, including one bull.

Wednesday, 14 October 2015

Island Taggart


ISLAND TAGGART is a property in County Down owned by The National Trust.

It lies between Ringdufferin, directly to its north, and Killyleagh, the nearest village, to the south.

The island is one mile long and a quarter of a mile wide at its widest point, a total area of about 85 acres, acquired in 1984 from Patrick and Kathleen Mackie.

Click to enlarge

Its length and the height of its two drumlins make it particularly attractive in the southern half of Strangford Lough.

From the higher points there is a fine prospect of varying habitats: from the eastern side, the main body of the lough with its marine life, sea-birds and the landscape of the Ards Peninsula; while, to the west, the sheltered mud-flats and salt-marshes with their population of waders and waterfowl.


The range of habitat types and abundant cover provided by pasture-land, scrub, hedgerows, marsh, foreshore and woodland ensure that the island is exceptionally attractive to wildlife.

A wide variety of butterflies and insects are to be found on the island; and the areas of scrub, with hawthorn, elderberry and brambles, provide excellent feeding for small birds on both the insect life and the fruit.

It is an important wintering ground for chaffinches, linnets, skylarks, stonechats and reed buntings.

There have been two large badger sets occupied on the island.; and there is evidence of foxes.

Otters frequent the northern tip. Porpoises can sometimes be seen feeding close to its eastern shore.


The mudflats to the west of the island provide good feeding for curlew, redshank, oystercatcher, knot, dunlin and turnstone; greenshank and ringed plovers have also been seen.

Terns and black-headed gulls are almost always to be seen around the shore; and, in the winter, there are abundant razorbills, guillemots, cormorants and, occasionally, great northern divers.


On the southern tip of the island there is an open circular stone kiln thought to have been used for burning kelp to produce potash for agricultural purposes.

Close to the north-eastern bay is a second, larger kiln which is very well preserved with a stone, corbelled roof.

At least two wells on the island are built of stone with interesting features which make them worthy of restoration.

At the extreme north-eastern tip of the island there are two "fairy thorns" enclosed in a low ring of stones.

In the past, Island Taggart was intensively farmed, though vegetation has now become more varied and there exists an important field system south of the farmstead with a valuable copse of oak, beech, ash, Scots pine, sycamore, elm and alder trees.


The principal farmstead with its stone-built, slate-roofed, single-storey derelict farmhouse with its farm buildings (a store; cow byre; calf-boxes; and hay-store) are all stone-built, partly slate.

An old well is located just to the side of the sunken lane which runs from the east shore up to the farm. There is an orchard nearby.

Island Taggart is one of the largest islands on Strangford Lough. Visitors are welcome.

There are good anchorages off the eastern shore and at the north-west corner of the island, depending on the weather, although care on a falling tide is advisable.

Old farm buildings give a good indication of life on the island and, indeed, it was used by Little Bird Films to make December Bride, a story about County Down folk at the turn of the 19th century.

Thick hedges full of bird life, relatively unspoiled meadows full of wild flowers, and small marshes bright with Yellow Flag iris and orchids make this a lovely island to visit, whilst in high summer it is full of butterflies including large numbers of Common Blues and Small Coppers.

Simmy Island (Sir William and Lady Hastings) lies at Island Taggart's north-western tip; while the Dunnyneill Islands are to the south-east.

One small, ruinous cottage is at the northern tip of the island; two other cottages, which are within fifty yards of each other, lie at the eastern side of the island about two-thirds of the way up from the southern tip; and the main farm sits at the top of the hill in the middle of the island.

The main farm, with farm-house, outbuildings directly opposite, farm-yard, walls and pillars with "bap" toppings, an old orchard, a stone well, privy and other features, is substantial enough and could conceivably be restored at some future date.

A lane ran from this farmstead down the hill, past the well (marked on the map), to the eastern shore and still exists today. Two further wells served the cottages to the north of the island.


There is a comment on the island in 1821:
Taggart Isle is attached to the parish of Killyleagh and contains 3 houses and 23 inhabitants.
This figure seems to have been at the time when the number of islanders was at its peak.

The island was attached to the Parish of Killyleagh in the barony of Dufferin. The owners were Lord Dufferin and Claneboye and Catherine A Hamilton.

    • 1841: 9 males, 6 females, 2 houses occupied
    • 1851: 4 males, 2 females, 1 house occupied
    • 1861: 3 males, 2 females, 1 house occupied
    • 1871: 3 males, 3 females, 1 house occupied
    • 1881: 3 males, 4 females, 1 house occupied
    • 1891: 3 males, 6 females, 1 house occupied
    • 1901: 2 males, 2 females, 1 house occupied
    • 1911: 2 males, 1 female, 1 house occupied
    • 1926: 1 male, 1 female, 1 house occupied

      The census and will records of Island Taggart record several families, all of whom were Presbyterian farmers:

        • Samuel Bishop, son of James and Margaret, died on the 7th August, 1855 aged 67
        • Grace Bishop, possibly Samuel's sister or wife, died on the 12th March, 1877
        • Thomas Morrow died on the 15th July, 1898 and probate was granted to his widow, Bridgetta. He left £440 7s 6d (£43,000 in today's money)
        • The 1901 Census recorded Bridgetta Morrow, 67, Head of Family; Samuel Morrow, 34, son; May Morrow, 25, daughter; and Samuel McDonald, 23, servant
        • the 1911 Census recorded Bridgetta Morrow, 80; Samuel Morrow, 45; and a new servant, John Fitzsimmons, aged 35
          In the spring of 1966, East Down Yacht Club purchased lands from James (Jimmy) Nelson's father and thereafter established the sailing club which hadn't existed prior to this.

          Mr David (Davey) Calvert was the last occupier of Island Taggart and he left the island in 1967.

          First published in December, 2010.

          Monday, 12 October 2015

          Royalty in Fermanagh

          His Royal Highness The Duke of Kent is undertaking a two-day visit to County Fermanagh.

          The Duke of Kent this morning visited Ready Eggs Limited, Manor Water House Farm, Lisnaskea, County Fermanagh.

          His Royal Highness, President, Royal National Lifeboat Institution, this afternoon opened Carrybridge Lifeboat Station, Carrybridge, County Fermanagh.

          HRH later viewed an emergency services exercise at Enniskillen Airport, 62 Killadeas Road, Trory, Enniskillen, County Fermanagh.

          The Duke of Kent opened Horizon West Children's Hospice, Killadeas, Enniskillen, and was received by Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant of County Fermanagh (the Viscount Brookeborough).

          His Royal Highness this afternoon visited Arc Healthy Living Centre, 116-122 Sallys Wood, Irvinestown, County Fermanagh.

          The Duke of Kent, President, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, later visited the Commonwealth War Graves in Derryvullan North Church of Ireland Churchyard, County Fermanagh.

          His Royal Highness subsequently visited the recently restored Famine Graveyard in Reihill Park, Irvinestown.

          The Duke of Kent afterwards visited St. Gabriel's Retreat, the Graan, Enniskillen.

          His Royal Highness later visited the Inniskillings Museum, the Castle, Enniskillen.

          HRH visited the ARC Healthy Living Centre in Irvinestown and met staff and guests.

          His Royal Highness also met a range of volunteers from uniformed organisations, hospital volunteers and recipients of the British Empire Medal.

          Johnstown Castle


          LORD MAURICE FITZGERALD (1852-1901), second son of the 4th Duke of Leinster, married Lady Adelaide Jane Frances Forbes, daughter of the 7th Earl of Granard, in 1880.

          Lord Maurice was Lord-Lieutenant of County Wexford, 1881-1901; officer in the Royal Navy.

          JOHNSTOWN CASTLE, near Wexford town, has been home to two prominent County Wexford families.

          The first owners were the Esmonde Baronets, a Norman family who settled in the county in the 1170s.

          They constructed the tower houses at Johnstown and Rathlannon during the 15th or 16th century.

          During the Cromwellian period of 1640s the estate was confiscated and changed hands several times before being acquired by John Grogan in 1692, whose descendants remained at Johnstown up until 1945.

          Following the death of H K Grogan-Morgan, Johnstown passed to his widow, who married as her second husband, the Rt Hon Sir Thomas Esmonde, 9th Baronet, a descendant of the original owners.

          The demesne afterwards passed to Grogan-Morgan's daughter Jane, Countess of Granard; and eventually to Lady Granard's daughter, Lady Maurice FitzGerald.

          The old tower house was the home of Cornelius Grogan, who was unjustly executed for treason after the 1798 Rebellion.

          By 1863, Johnstown Castle estate was at its peak of development and comprised of a large demesne of over 1,000 acres.

          It was divided in two with a deer park to the north, and the castle, pleasure grounds, home farm and two lakes (with a third lake under construction) to the south.

          In 1945 Maurice Victor Lakin presented Johnstown Castle estate as a gift to the Irish state.

          Today Teagasc, the Irish Agricultural and Food Development Authority, owns Johnstown Castle estate and has a research facility on site.

          The Irish Agricultural Museum is housed in the old stable and farmyard buildings of the demesne.

          Burke's guide describes Johnstown as being,
          An old tower house of the Esmondes, engulfed in an impressively turreted, battlemented and machiolated castle of silver-grey ashlar built about 1840 for H K Grogan-Morgan MP, to the design of Daniel Robertson, of Kilkenny.

          The entrance front is dominated by a single tower with a porte-cochere projecting at the end of an entrance corridor and a Gothic conservatory at one end. The garden front has two round turrets, a three-sided central bow with tracery windows.
          First published in November, 2011.  Leinster arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

          Saturday, 10 October 2015

          Greenway Progress

          View from Mersey Street Bridge, October, 2015

          Work progresses well along the river Conn's Water in east Belfast.

          Yesterday I visited Mersey Street and, at the bridge, two large cement lorries were stationary.

          The scene is looking from Mersey Street Bridge towards Victoria Park.

          At the moment it's hard to visualize the new paths in correlation to the river, though of course this increases one's interest and enthusiasm.

          Work has also begun further along the river, at Beer's Bridge.

          Wednesday, 7 October 2015

          McCutcheon's Field Day

          Tomasz has considered that today might have been one of our final visits to McCutcheon's Field in 2015.

          This property of the National Trust is about a mile from Groomsport, County Down.

          Today, yet again, we were cutting and burning gorse bushes.

          The Dexter cattle were there.

          there were about eight of us today.

          Monday, 5 October 2015

          Castle Ward Visit

          I spent a most agreeable three hours at Castle Ward yesterday, on what was a fine, sunny autumn day.

          Castle Ward, County Down, is, of course, the ancestral seat of the Viscounts Bangor. Indeed, the family still has an apartment in the mansion house.

          When I arrived I made a bee-line for the cafeteria in the stable-yard, where I had a delicious bowl of very thick curried carrot and parsnip soup, served with a generous slice of wheaten-bread.

          Castle Ward has been a property of the National Trust since the early 1950s.

          The Tack Room

          I think the 7th Viscount gave the estate to the Northern Ireland government at the time as part of death duties.

          After lunch, I took advantage of the free wi-fi in the stable-yard and posted a few photographs.

          Thence I donned the wellington boots and had a long walk through the estate woodland.

          I passed the former gamekeeper's cottage, otherwise known as the Bunkhouse; the pond; and a very large field with cattle.

          BACK at the mansion house, I admired the prospect from the garden front of Strangford Lough.

          Scrub and bushes have been cleared from the area between the house and the stable-yard outbuildings, revealing a very small single-storey cottage or bothy, which has obviously been derelict for many years.

          I've been coming to Castle Ward since I was a boy and I've never seen this building before.

          I wonder what its purpose was? Did it store something?

          Bonito Cottage

          Before I departed I visited the farmyard, where Old Castle Ward is located, and walked past the former smithy to the charming Bonito Cottage.

          Saturday, 3 October 2015

          Tullynally Castle


          WILLIAM DE PAKENHAM was seated in Suffolk in the reign of EDWARD I.

          The seventh in descent from him was

          SIR HUGH PAKENHAM, who died in the reign of HENRY VII, leaving issue,
          John (Sir), his successor;
          Nicholas, grandfather of SIR EDWARD PAKENHAM;
          Anne, mother of Sir Henry Sidney KG, Lord Deputy of Ireland.
          The first member of the family who settled in Ireland,

          SIR EDWARD PAKENHAM, Knight, accompanied his cousin, Sir Henry Sidney, to that kingdom in 1576, when Sir Henry went to assume the government there, as Lord Deputy.

          The grandson of this gentleman,

          HENRY PAKENHAM (1618-91), was seated at Pakenham Hall, County Westmeath, in the reign of CHARLES I, having obtained a grant of the lands of Tullynally, in that county, which he so designated.

          This Henry represented the borough of Navan in parliament after the Restoration.

          He married firstly, Mary, daughter of Robert Lill, of Trim, County Meath, by whom he had four sons and three daughters; and secondly, Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Pigot, by whom he had one son.

          Mr Pakenham died in 1691, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

          SIR THOMAS PAKENHAM, Knight, MP, a lawyer of eminence, and prime sergeant-at-law in Ireland in 1695.

          This gentleman dying in 1706, was succeeded by his eldest son,

          EDWARD PAKENHAM, MP for County Westmeath; who died in 1720, and was succeeded by his eldest son,

          THOMAS PAKENHAM (1713-66), who married, in 1739, Elizabeth, daughter and sole heir of Michael Cuffe, and niece of Ambrose Aungier, 2nd and last Earl of Longford (1st creation) of that family, to whom her father was heir.

          This gentleman was created, in 1756, Baron Longford; and his lady, in 1785, Countess of Longford.

          By this marriage his lordship had,
          EDWARD MICHAEL, his successor;
          Thomas, an admiral of the red;
          Elizabeth; Frances; Helena.
          His lordship was succeeded in the barony of Longford by his elder son,

          EDWARD MICHAEL (1743-92), 2nd Baron, who married, in 1768, Catharine, second daughter of the Rt Hon Hercules Langford Rowley, and Elizabeth, Viscountess Langford, by whom he had issue,
          THOMAS, his heir;
          Edward Michael (Sir), GCB, major-general;
          Hercules Robert (Sir), CB;
          William, Captain RN;
          Henry (Ven), Archdeacon of Emly;
          Elizabeth; Helen; Catherine; Helen; Caroline Penelope.
          His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

          THOMAS (1774-1835), 3rd Baron, who inherited the EARLDOM OF LONGFORD at the decease of his grandmother, Elizabeth, Countess of Longford, in 1794.

          The 2nd Earl espoused, in 1817, Lady Georgiana Emma Charlotte Lygon, daughter of William, 1st Earl Beauchamp, and had issue,
          EDWARD MICHAEL, his successor;
          William Lygon;
          Thomas Alexander;
          Charles Reginald;
          Henry Robert;
          Frederick Beauchamp;
          Francis John;
          Catherine Felicia; Georgiana Sophia; Louisa Elizabeth.
          His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

          EDWARD MICHAEL (1817-60), 3rd Earl,
          The heir apparent is the present holder's eldest son Edward Melchior Pakenham, styled Lord Silchester.

          TULLYNALLY CASTLE, otherwise Pakenham Hall, near Castlepollard, County Westmeath, has been the home of the Pakenhams for over 350 years.

          The original 17th century fortified house was remodelled first as a comfortable Georgian mansion, then as a huge rambling gothic revival castle in the early 1800s, by the 2nd Earl.

          Mark Bence-Jones describes it as having
          a long, picturesque sky-line of towers, turrets, battlements and gateways stretching among the trees of its rolling park. Tullynally covers a greater area than than any other castellated country house in Ireland; it looks not so much like a castle as a small fortified town; a Camelot of the Gothic Revival.
          It inhabited in as the family home, now probably one of the largest in Ireland to survive in private hands.

          The interiors, part Georgian, part Gothic revival, have a fine collection of furniture and pictures.

          Guided tours also take in the splendid Victorian kitchens and laundries, complete with all their equipment.

          The gardens, like the castle are on a magnificent scale, taking in nearly 12 acres.

          Terraced lawns around the castle overlook superb 18th century parkland.

          The adjoining woodland gardens and walled gardens date largely from the early 19th century and encompass a grotto of eroded limestone from nearby Lough Derravaragh and two ornamental lakes.

          The present owners have added a Chinese garden, complete with pagoda and a Tibetan garden of waterfalls and streams; and a local sculptor has made fantastic woodcarvings in existing roots and trees.

          The walled gardens have extensive flower borders and an avenue of magnificent 200 year old Irish yews.

          For children, there is also an Adventure Trail leading to the lower lake, and for those who wish to take the gardens more slowly, there is an assortment of delightful, ornamental summer houses and seats, each offering a different view.

          First published in November, 2011.   Longford arms courtesy of European Heraldry.

          Friday, 2 October 2015

          Dromana House


          LORD HENRY STUART, third son of John, 1st Marquess of Bute, married, in 1802, Gertrude Amelia, only daughter and heir of George, 2nd and last Earl Grandison, and had issue,
          HENRY, created, in 1839, BARON STUART DE DECIES.
          HENRY WINDSOR VILLIERS-STUART JP DL (1827-95), of Dromana-within-the-Decies, County Waterford,
          MP for County Waterford, 1873-74 and 1880-85; Vice Lord-Lieutenant of County Waterford 1871-73; High Sheriff, 1889.
          He married, in 1865, Mary, second daughter of the Ven Ambrose Power, Archdeacon of Lismore, fourth son of Sir John Power Bt, and had issue,
          HENRY CHARLES WINDSOR, his heir;
          Maurice Ambrose;
          Horace Gervase;
          Mary Therese; Gertrude Gwendoline;
          May; Winifred Frances.
          Mr Villiers-Stuart succeeded to the extensive estates of Henry, Lord Stuart de Decies, at that nobleman’s decease in 1874.
          He was the author of Nile Gleanings, Egypt After the War, and other works; and was commissioned by the Government in 1882 to visit Egypt, and report upon the condition of the populace after the Battle of Tel-el-Kebir.
          His eldest son,

          HENRY CHARLES WINDSOR VILLIERS-STUART JP (1867-1908), of Dromana, High Sheriff of County Waterford, 1898, espoused, in 1895, Grace Frances, only daughter of J A R Newman DL, of Dromore House, County Cork, and had issue,
          ION HENRY FITZGERALD, his heir;
          Geraldine Mary; Nesta Mona.
          Mr Villiers-Stuart was succeeded by his son,

          ION HENRY FITZGERALD VILLIERS-STUART (1900-). of Dromana, who wedded, in 1928, Elspeth Richardson, and had issue,

          JAMES HENRY VILLIERS-STUART (1928-), of Dromana, who married, in 1952, Emily Constance Lanfear, daughter of Major Charles Plenderleath Graham, and had issue,
          Caroline Elspeth, b 1955;
          Barbara Emily, b 1955.

          THE MEDIEVAL CASTLE of Dromana occupied a spectacular site, high above the River Blackwater.From the 13th century onwards this was the seat of the FitzGeralds, Lords of the Decies, a junior branch of the Earls of Desmond.

          In the 1670s the FitzGerald heiress, Katherine, the ‘Lady of the Decies’, ward to CHARLES II, married Colonel Villiers, son of Lord Grandison.

          Their descendants succeeded as the Earls Grandison until 1800, when the only child of the 2nd Earl (of the second creation) married Lord Henry Stuart, younger son of Lord Bute. 
          Their son was subsequently created Lord Stuart de Decies, a title that recalled his long family connection with the region. 
          The castle of Dromana was attacked and damaged in the wars of the 1640s and 50s, though its base can still be identified from the river, and indeed is still inhabited. 
          About 1700, instead of rebuilding the castle, two new ranges were built at right angles to one another along the courtyard walls. 
          Both were simple gable-ended two storey structures, possibly just intended for occasional occupation, their only decoration being a robust, pedimented block-and-start door case in the manner of James Gibbs.

          Work on a larger new house commenced in about 1780, directly in front of the longer 1700s range.

          The principal façade was of two storey and nine bays, quite plain, with a parapet and a rather curious segmental-headed armorial doorcase.

          The river façade contained a shallow double-height bow and was actually an extension of the smaller 1700s range.

          Together these three buildings faithfully followed the line of the original bawn or courtyard.

          The interior was elaborately fitted out for Lord Stuart in the 1840s, with a suite of very grand reception rooms and a massive imperial staircase but by the 1960s Dromana had become something of a white elephant.

          The estate was sold and subdivided, and the house bought by a cousin who demolished the 1780s block and reduced it to more manageable proportions.

          Happily, Mr James Villiers-Stuart was able to repurchase the house in the 1980s.

          His widow Emily still lives there, along with her daughter and family.

          The Dromana demesne extends to 600 acres.

          The steeply sloping riverbanks are covered with oak woods and the important mid-eighteenth century garden layout, with its follies, the Rock House and the Bastion, is currently being restored.

          To the north of the estate, on a bridge across the River Finisk, is the renowned Hindu-Gothic lodge, originally erected to welcome the owner and his bride on their return from honeymoon in 1826.

          They were so taken with this temporary structure in the latest Brighton Pavilion mode, that they had it rebuilt in more durable materials.

          The most notable person associated with Dromana was Katherine, Dowager Countess of Desmond.

          Born a daughter of the house, she died there in 1604, supposedly from falling out of a cherry tree at the reputed age of 140, having allegedly worn out three natural sets of teeth.

          Another remarkable man was Lord Stuart de Decies himself, a Protestant aristocrat and large landowner with radical views.

          As a young man he defeated the Waterford establishment in the famous 1826 election to give Daniel O'Connell and the Catholic Emancipation movement their first Member of Parliament.

          First published in October, 2011.   SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY: THE DROMANA HOUSE WEBSITE.

          Thursday, 1 October 2015

          Shanbally Castle


          This was one of the very few native families which had been dignified by the peerage of Ireland.

          The O'Callaghans were formerly princes of the province of Munster, and were seated at Dromaneen Castle.

          Their chief,

          CORNELIUS O'CALLAGHAN, enjoyed very extensive territorial possessions in 1594, according to an inquisition taken by Sir Thomas Norris, Vice-President of Munster, in that year.

          From this Cornelius descended 

          CORNELIUS O'CALLAGHAN, a very eminent lawyer, and MP for Fethard in the reign of Queen Anne, who married Maria, daughter of Robert Jolly, and had three sons, the youngest of whom,

          THOMAS O'CALLAGHAN, wedded, in 1740, Sarah, daughter of John Davis, and had, with a daughter, married to Robert Longfield, of Castle Martyr, an only son,

          CORNELIUS O'CALLAGHAN (1741-97), who was elevated to the peerage, in 1785, by the title of Baron Lismore, of Shanbally, County Tipperary.

          His lordship married, in 1774, Frances, second daughter of Mr Speaker Ponsonby, of the Irish House of Commons, and niece, paternally, of William, Earl of Bessborough, and niece, maternally, of William, 3rd Duke of Devonshire, by whom he had issue,
          CORNELIUS, his heir;
          Robert William (Sir), GCB, lieutenant-general;
          Louisa; Elizabeth; Mary.
          His lordship was succeeded by his eldest son,

          CORNELIUS, 2nd Baron (1775-1857), who was created VISCOUNT LISMORE, in 1806.

          This nobleman married, in 1808, Eleanor, youngest daughter of John, 17th Earl of Ormonde, and sister of the Marquess of Ormonde, by whom he had issue,
          William Frederick;
          George Ponsonby;
          Anne Maria Louisa.
          His lordship was a privy counsellor, 1835, and Lord-Lieutenant of County Tipperary, 1851-57.

          He was succeeded by second son,

          GEORGE PONSONBY, 2nd Viscount (1815-98), an officer in the  17th Lancers, High Sheriff of County Tipperary, 1853; Lord-Lieutenant of County Tipperary, 1857-85, who wedded, in 1839, Mary, daughter of George Norbury, and had issue,
          George Cornelius Gerald (1846-85);
          William Frederick Ormonde (1852-77).
          His lordship's sons both predeceased him, and the titles became extinct.

          SHANBALLY CASTLE, near Clogheen, County Tipperary, was built about 1812 for Cornelius O'Callaghan, 1st Viscount Lismore.

          It was said to have been the largest of John Nash's Irish castles.

          Shanbally was long and irregular, of a silver-grey ashlar. It had numerous machiolations, towers and battlements.

          The entrance front was pointed-arched, with a vaulted porte-cochere under a porch-tower.

          The garden front had a round tower at one end and an octagonal tower at the other, with a central feature boasting two square turrets.

          There was a stylish Gothic veranda.

          Shanbally Castle was situated in a picturesque landscape, bounded to the north and south by two mountain ranges, the Galtees and the Knockmealdowns.

          It is said that Shanbally bore a remarkable resemblance to Nash and Repton's joint venture, Luscombe Castle in Devon, though Shanbally was considerably larger.

          The 2nd and last Viscount left Shanbally to his cousins, Lady Beatrice Pole-Carew and Lady Constance Butler, daughters of the 3rd Marquess of Ormonde.

          Shanbally was sold in 1954 by Major Patrick Pole-Carew.

          Following attempts by the Hon Edward Sackville-West (5th Lord Sackville) to rescue the Castle, it was demolished in 1957 and its ruin blown up.

          The following is a composition by Bill Power of the Mitchelstown Heritage Society:

          Few acts of official vandalism rival the decision by the Irish Government in 1957 to proceed with plans to demolish Shanbally Castle.

          Built for Cornelius O'Callaghan, 1st Viscount Lismore, ca 1810, the mansion was the largest house built in Ireland by the famous English architect, John Nash.

          When the Irish Land Commission purchased the Shanbally estate in 1954, one of the immediate questions which it addressed was what should become of the castle.

          For a brief period it seemed that a purchaser could be found in the form of the London theatre critic Edward Sackville-West, 5th Lord Sackville, who had a tremendous love of the Clogheen area, which he had known since childhood.

          He agreed to buy the castle, together with 163 acres, but pulled out of the transaction when the Irish 
          Land Commission refused to stop cutting trees in the land he intended to buy.

          Consequently, by 1957, the fate of the castle was sealed.

          The Irish Land Commissioners, with Irish Government approval, decided to proceed with plans to demolish the castle on the grounds that they had no use for it and that it was in poor condition.

          They ignored suggestions that a religious community might be found for the building, and also 
          rejected its suitability as a forestry school.

          In that year, Professor Denis Gwynn, wrote an article in the `Cork Examiner' in which he pleaded with the authorities to reverse their decision:
          "Shanbally Castle has been well known for years as one of the most graceful and original examples in Ireland of late Georgian architecture," he said. "Its formal gardens, which have run wild, could easily be brought back to order."
          The Professor pointed out that Shanbally Castle was designed by one of the most famous of all modern architects, who also planned all the well known terraces that surround Regent's Park in London, and so many other celebrated buildings in England, `What conceivable justification can there be for incurring the great expense of demolishing this unique Irish mansion,' he asked.
          "All around the house, with its long avenues, the land has been admirably laid out and planted with fine trees in groups to enhance the views and to produce valuable timber,' he continued. `More recently there has been wholesale clearance of the timber. Last summer I saw cutting in progress at many places, and big gaps had been made in the boundary walls to assist removal of the felled trees.
          Describing the order to demolish the castle as an `act of vandalism,' Professor Gwynn called for an inquiry into the circumstances of the decision. There is no sense whatever in squandering public money on the destruction of a beautiful house which is well known to students of Nash's domestic architecture,' he added.
          But Professor Gwynn's article was already too late: Despite some local opposition and widespread critical comment, the roof was removed and some of its impressive cut stones were being removed by hand and broken into smaller pieces for use in road building.

          The house, with its twenty stately bedrooms, extensive drawing rooms, dining room, library, marble fireplaces and mahogany staircase was rapidly reduced to a state of ruin.

          In 1960, The Nationalist newspaper reported the final end of a building which was once the pride of the neighbourhood: `A big bang yesterday ended Shanbally Castle, where large quantities of gelignite and cortex shattered the building,' it said.

          In the weeks prior to the explosion, demolition workers bored 1,400 holes, 18 inches above ground, into the cut stone of the castle.

          Each hole was then filled with explosives which were detonated on 21 March 1960. Almost all of this material was used for road building.

          The protests against the demolition of Shanbally Castle came from some local sources, An Taisce and a few academics such as Professor Gwynn.

          Politically, the Fianna Fail Government had no love for houses of the ascendancy.

          However, remarkably, it was from within the ranks of Fianna Fail that the only political voices were raised against the demolition plans, albeit privately.

          One was Senator Sean Moylan, the Irish Minister for Agriculture until his death in 1957, and the other was his close friend and TD from Mitchelstown, John W Moher.

          They were over-ruled by the Cabinet and failed to get wider political support, even from opposition deputies.

          When the explosion finally came, the Irish Government saw fit to issue a terse public statement in response to protests favouring the retention of Shanbally Castle for the nation.

          "Apart from periods of military occupation the castle remained wholly unoccupied for 40 years," said the statement.

          First published in October, 2011.